I just saw the moon


Putin is a War Criminal
Does anyone know if the Solar Flare activity increase may be a factor in the record high temperatures we are getting around the world, particularly in Europe at the moment? I haven't heard this commented on...

Added: Nevermind. I just found a few trustable resources that say no, nearly all the solar activity is reflected back into space by our atmosphere.
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Carbon emissions from the Industrial Revolution exponentially on....

C’on in! The water is cool

Come early the heat is on

Passing moon, ISS vista

Speaking of the ISS, Dmitry Rogozin has been booted as director general of Roscosmos, Happy trails, sputnik
Ware’s dat broomstik

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"A man with no vices is a man with no virtues"
July 20, 1969



Crosseyed & Painless
What are those spots on Jupiter? Largest and furthest, just right of center, is the Great Red Spot -- a huge storm system that has been raging on Jupiter possibly since Giovanni Cassini's likely notation of it 357 years ago. It is not yet known why this Great Spot is red. The spot toward the lower left is one of Jupiter's largest moons: Europa. Images from Voyager in 1979 bolster the modern hypothesis that Europa has an underground ocean and is therefore a good place to look for extraterrestrial life. But what about the dark spot on the upper right? That is a shadow of another of Jupiter's large moons: Io. Voyager 1 discovered Io to be so volcanic that no impact craters could be found. Sixteen frames from Voyager 1's flyby of Jupiter in 1979 were recently reprocessed and merged to create the featured image. Forty-five years ago this August, Voyager 1 launched from Earth and started one of the greatest explorations of the Solar System ever.

Why does Jupiter have rings? Jupiter's main ring was discovered in 1979 by NASA's passing Voyager 1 spacecraft, but its origin was then a mystery. Data from NASA's Galileo spacecraft that orbited Jupiter from 1995 to 2003, however, confirmed the hypothesis that this ring was created by meteoroid impacts on small nearby moons. As a small meteoroid strikes tiny Metis, for example, it will bore into the moon, vaporize, and explode dirt and dust off into a Jovian orbit. The featured image of Jupiter in infrared light by the James Webb Space Telescope shows not only Jupiter and its clouds, but this ring as well. Also visible is Jupiter's Great Red Spot (GRS) -- in comparatively light color on the right, Jupiter's large moon Europa -- in the center of diffraction spikes on the left, and Europa's shadow -- next to the GRS. Several features in the image are not yet well understood, including the seemingly separated cloud layer on Jupiter's right limb.

Beautiful spiral galaxy Messier 74 (also known as NGC 628) lies some 32 million light-years away toward the constellation Pisces. An island universe of about 100 billion stars with two prominent spiral arms, M74 has long been admired by astronomers as a perfect example of a grand-design spiral galaxy. M74's central region is brought into a stunning, sharp focus in this recently processed image using publicly available data from the James Webb Space Telescope. The colorized combination of image data sets is from two of Webb's instruments NIRcam and MIRI, operating at near- and mid-infrared wavelengths. It reveals cooler stars and dusty structures in the grand-design spiral galaxy only hinted at in previous space-based views.

This image is a color composite of the Eagle Nebula (M16) made from exposures from the Digitized Sky Survey 2 (DSS2). The field of view is approximately 3.8 x 3.3 degrees.

The nearby star-forming region around the star R Coronae Australis imaged by the Wide Field Imager (WFI) on the MPG/ESO 2.2-metre telescope at ESO’s La Silla Observatory in Chile. This picture, which covers a field of 33.7 x 31.9 arcminutes (about the diameter of the full Moon), is a combination of twelve CCD frames, 67 megapixels each, taken through B, V and R filters, with four exposures of five minutes each.

This spectacular wide field image shows the area around the star R Coronae Australis. A huge dust cloud, about eight light-years across, dominates the center of the image. The bluish reflection nebula close to R Coronae Australis is right of center and the globular cluster NGC 6723 lies to the upper-right of the nebula. Corona Australis is a tiny tiara-shaped constellation, located next to the larger constellation of Sagittarius, in the direction of the center of the Milky Way. In spite of its faintness, this southern winter constellation can be easily spotted from dark sites because of its characteristic shape and position in the sky.



NASA’s LRO discovered more than 200 pits on the moon after 2009.

Moon pits, and ( possible ) lava caves, may be able to mushroom into lunar colonies’ habitat for future lunar explorations.

Lunar temperatures vary from a searing 250° F daytime, to a bone freezing -205° F at night. Not to mention the constant
Bombardment of mutating cosmic radiation. The temperature inside many of the lunar pits stay at a constant 63° F with the added benefit of protection from high energy DNA damaging radiation.

The pits are most likely formed by the thin crust collapse of molten lava tubes after the moon cooled. The now vacant tubes are being considered possible habitats for lunar explorers.

Sign up today for your moon man cave :tup:
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"A man with no vices is a man with no virtues"

.... a few days later, the scientist revealed that the photo he tweeted was not the work of the world’s most powerful space telescope, as he had in fact tweeted a slice of chorizo sausage ... “According to contemporary cosmology, no object belonging to Spanish charcuterie exists anywhere but on Earth" 😎

In apologising for tricking so many people, he stated his intention was to educate people about innacurate or rediculous news online ...

Jill NYC

Portable Hoarder
I know next to nothing about most everything.
But I do know that in the grand scheme of things, we are smaller than a speck of dust.

Recent image of The Cartwheel Galaxy- takes almost a full minute (in video zoom time) from the new Webb Space Telescope to get a peek.
Is it possible humanity will last long enough to truly understand what is out there?


Crosseyed & Painless
@Jill NYC my answer to your question is I hope so, but if things stay like they are or get worse, probably not...

Mimas, small 400 kilometer-diameter moon of Saturn, is host to 130 kilometer-diameter Herschel crater, one of the larger impact craters in the entire Solar System. The robotic Cassini spacecraft orbiting Saturn in 2010 recorded this startling view of small moon and big crater while making a 10,000-kilometer record close pass by the diminutive icy world. Shown in contrast-enhanced false color, the image data reveal more clearly that Herschel's landscape is colored slightly differently from heavily cratered terrain nearby. The color difference could yield surface composition clues to the violent history of Mimas. Of course, an impact on Mimas any larger than the one that created the 130-kilometer Herschel might have destroyed the small moon of Saturn.

The beautiful Trifid Nebula is a cosmic study in contrasts. Also known as M20, it lies about 5,000 light-years away toward the nebula rich constellation Sagittarius. A star forming region in the plane of our galaxy, the Trifid does illustrate three different types of astronomical nebulae; red emission nebulae dominated by light from hydrogen atoms, blue reflection nebulae produced by dust reflecting starlight, and dark nebulae where dense dust clouds appear in silhouette. But the red emission region, roughly separated into three parts by obscuring dust lanes, is what lends the Trifid its popular name. Pillars and jets sculpted by newborn stars, above and right of the emission nebula's center, appear in famous Hubble Space Telescope close-up images of the region. The Trifid Nebula is about 40 light-years across. Too faint to be seen by the unaided eye, it almost covers the area of a full moon in planet Earth's sky. Open star cluster M21 just peeks into this telescopic field of view along the bottom right edge of the frame.

In 1716, English astronomer Edmond Halley noted, "This is but a little Patch, but it shows itself to the naked Eye, when the Sky is serene and the Moon absent." Of course, M13 is now less modestly recognized as the Great Globular Cluster in Hercules, one of the brightest globular star clusters in the northern sky. Sharp telescopic views like this one reveal the spectacular cluster's hundreds of thousands of stars. At a distance of 25,000 light-years, the cluster stars crowd into a region 150 light-years in diameter. Approaching the cluster core upwards of 100 stars could be contained in a cube just 3 light-years on a side. For comparison, the closest star to the Sun is over 4 light-years away. The remarkable range of brightness recorded in this image follows stars into the dense cluster core. Distant background galaxies in the medium-wide field of view include NGC 6207 at the upper left.

What created the unusual halo around the Cat's Eye nebula? No one is sure. What is sure is that the Cat's Eye Nebula (NGC 6543) is one of the best known planetary nebulae on the sky. Although haunting symmetries are seen in the bright central region, this image was taken to feature its intricately structured outer halo, which spans over three light-years across. Planetary nebulae have long been appreciated as a final phase in the life of a Sun-like star. Only recently however, have some planetaries been found to have expansive halos, likely formed from material shrugged off during earlier puzzling episodes in the star's evolution. While the planetary nebula phase is thought to last for around 10,000 years, astronomers estimate the age of the outer filamentary portions of the Cat's Eye Nebula's halo to be 50,000 to 90,000 years.

A star cluster around 2 million years young surrounded by natal clouds of dust and glowing gas, Messier 16 (M16) is also known as The Eagle Nebula. This beautifully detailed image of the region adopts the colorful Hubble palette and includes cosmic sculptures made famous in Hubble Space Telescope close-ups of the starforming complex. Described as elephant trunks or Pillars of Creation, dense, dusty columns rising near the center are light-years in length but are gravitationally contracting to form stars. Energetic radiation from the cluster stars erodes material near the tips, eventually exposing the embedded new stars. Extending from the ridge of bright emission left of center is another dusty starforming column known as the Fairy of Eagle Nebula. M16 lies about 7,000 light-years away, an easy target for binoculars or small telescopes in a nebula rich part of the sky toward the split constellation Serpens Cauda (the tail of the snake). As framed, this telescopic portrait of the Eagle Nebula is about 70 light-years across.

The North America nebula on the sky can do what the North America continent on Earth cannot -- form stars. Specifically, in analogy to the Earth-confined continent, the bright part that appears as Central America and Mexico is actually a hot bed of gas, dust, and newly formed stars known as the Cygnus Wall. The featured image shows the star forming wall lit and eroded by bright young stars, and partly hidden by the dark dust they have created. The part of the North America nebula (NGC 7000) shown spans about 15 light years and lies about 1,500 light years away toward the constellation of the Swan (Cygnus).


Unmanned Artemis I— Return to Lunar Exploration

launch date, late August-September

Crewed by candidate Commander, Life’s a Treat! Shaun the Sheep, ESA. :tup:

Update on the Artimis I crew assignments.

Turns out the Commander designate will be Commander Moonikin Campos,
Honoring the NASA hero who brought Apollo 13 safely back.

Joining the Commander will be two female torsos, also with sensors/dectectors to prepare for the first female to the moon, and the first person of color. The two Named will be “Zohar”, and “Helga”.

Also on board will be our own Snoopy, who will be the free floating ZGI (zero gravity indicator),

As well as Shawn, now designated space tourist.

Artemis I Launch date: 29 August 2022 8:33 EDT (planned)
Backup launchdate Sept 2, and/or Sept 5

City moonhenge
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Crosseyed & Painless
Did you see the "seats" the dummies are in? They will not be the same as the crew uses I guarantee; so to me it's not a truly accurate test...I guess their thinking if the dummies don't feel much force in the "seats" they are in then the actual crew seats, obviously being better, will be fine.


@CD, they are just humanoid torsos loaded with sensors/dectectors
Measuring cosmic radiation exposure impacted during their six-week journey.

As such, they are strapped in, and are not necessarily in actual seats. Or necessarily upright.
Live crew is sure to be guaranteed comfy seats for their prolong lunar rendezvous.

Zohar is part of an Israeli space project, while Helga is from the German space agency. Perhaps they are cutting costs, as well as the payload? Look, Ma! No arms (or legs)!

Less that a fortnight to Launch....

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Crosseyed & Painless
I know, and that's what bothers me. If this flight is successful, the next is crewed to around the moon and back. I dunno, to me if it's a test flight, try to simulate as close as possible. I may be nit-picking but the seat is the astronaut's connection to the spacecraft.
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